Research Group Bread Wheat Improvement

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the main staple food of the people of Pakistan and the country’s most important strategic agricultural commodity. It is grown by 80% of the farmers on 46% of the total cultivated area and 66% of the food crops area in the country. It roughly contributes 10.1% to the value added agriculture and 2.2% to GDP. The per capita wheat consumption of the country (230 kg a year) is among the highest in the world. Wheat is also the most important single product as a source of income of the majority of farmers in the rural areas of Pakistan. Wheat production in monetary terms is worth Rs.851 billion, thus has a great significance and impact on the economy of the country. One percent loss or gain in wheat production accounts for Rs.8.51 billion. Wheat being the staple food of the general populace plays a pivotal role in socio-economic development of Pakistan. During the last 5 decades every government has given top priority to increase wheat production in order to attain self-sufficiency in this important food crop. Wheat is successfully grown in KPK. It occupies 48% of the total cropped area and 57% of the area grown to cereals in the province. During 20014-15 wheat was cultivated on about 0.732 million hectares with a production of 1.25 million tons. Despite excellent soil and climatic conditions, the average yield of 1.7 tons/ha in the province is very low. A number of biophysical and socio-economic constraints are responsible for low yield. However, lack of high yielding, disease resistant, widely adapted and good quality cultivars play a major role in jeopardizing wheat production in the province. It is, therefore, imperative to continuously evolve and release new improved varieties in order to boost and stabilize wheat production in the province.

  • Wheat improvement through conventional and non- conventional breeding techniques for irrigated and rainfed areas of KPK
  • Seed production and maintenance of NIFA released wheat varieties for popularization and cultivation in KPK
  • Prerelease country wide evaluation of candidate wheat lines in National Uniform Yield Trials
  • Pre-release evaluation of candidate lines in KPWYT under irrigated and rainfed conditions of KPK
  • Agronomic evaluation of elite wheat genotypes in advanced yield trials under irrigated and rainfed conditions
  • Preliminary evaluation of new genotypes to identify suitable genotypes carrying genes for high yield and disease resistance (Yr / Lr) under field conditions
  • Field evaluation of exotic wheat germplasm to identify the genotypes showing adaptation in environmental conditions of KPK
  • Raising of segregating populations and creation of genetic variability for new  recombinants/putative mutants endowed with genes for high yield/disease resistance and moisture stress tolerance
  Group Composition  
  1. Dr. Fazle Subhan, PS
  2. Dr. Mohammad Irfaq Khan, PS
  3. Dr. Farooq-i-Azam, PS
  4. Mr. Salman Ahmad, SS (Study Leave)
  5. Dr. Akhtar Ali, SS
    Activities of wheat group                     


  1. Genetic diversity search through collection / maintenance of available germplasm
  2. Induction of useful genetic variability indigenous land races and exotic germplasm through the use of physical mutagens (gamma rays and fast neutron)
  3. Induction of useful genetic variability indigenous land races and exotic germplasm through the use of chemical mutagens (EMS and Sodium Azide)
  4. Effective use of conventional technique (recombination breeding) for pyramiding of useful traits of diverse parents
  5. Screening and selection of putative mutants and recombinants for isolation of desirable ideotypes
  6. Field and laboratory evaluation of selected genotypes for desirable traits (Drought, Heat, Disease resistance, Earliness, Lodging resistance and higher Seed / Harvest indices etc.)
  7. Distinctness, Uniformity and Stability assessment of potential genotypes
  8. Estimation of Values for Cultivation and Use through multi-locational field testing.
  9. Quality evaluation for standard parameters like, Protein, Gluten, Hectoliter weight etc.
  10. Disease screening for prevailing rust infestation and other seed born diseases
  11. Genetic purity maintenance of released varieties through quality seed production (BNS & Pre-basic)



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nuclear institute for food and agriculture peshawar, pakistan